What is Primary Health Care?
Basically, primary health care is essential healthcare based on practical scientific and social acceptance methods, made globally accessible to all individuals in the community.
It is required that the community must participate fully. On the other side, the government affords the maintenance at every stage of health delivery.
In 1978, Almaty (formely Alma Atta-Kazakhstan) declared the following elements of Primary Health Care.
The PHC elements are :-
i.) Health education- As one of the 4 main tasks of health care professionals, here we give information about health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them.
ii.) Promotion of food supply and proper nutrition.
iii.) An adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation.
iv.) Maternal and child healthcare including family planning.
v.) Immunization against major infectious diseases.
vi.) Prevention and control of locally endemic diseases.
vii.) Appropriate treatment of common diseases.
viii.) Provision of essential drugs.
ix.) Kenya-Added Mental Health.
Basically, this one requires active participation of the members of the community. Therefore, you can carry out community diagnosis to determine the type of disease or health problems and any issue concerning health by giving high priority by health workers.
This process can also be referred to as Evaluation of Community Health Services. It comprises of the following stages:-
- Community Diagnosis/Choosing Priorities – In this stage, you need to make a diagnosis, identify the needs for health services of the population and decide what problems too deal with first.
- Set Goals – Here, your goal for antenatal services is to target 90% of the pregnant women in the population who visit MCH clinics.
- Organisation – The third stage in the circle. As a health provider, you decide who will organize the services and resources. By involving the community, staff and stakeholders, you will have a productive outcome. This will be as a result of action being taken.
PHC can address the vast majority of our health needs throughout our lives. Our full participation is what will leverage this healthcare service to great levels. The achievements of PHC all depend on our understanding, dedication and/or our participation!