The 5 Characteristics of a Nutritional Surveillance System
Adequate nutrition is a prerequisite of good health. Nutritional surveillance deals with all factors which affect nutrition i.e. Food production, food distribution, food intake and health.
According to WHO
Health-promoting agencies as it helps in planning primary healthcare.
The administrators and government for planning in social and economic development process. The government uses the data in allocation of resources to enhance optimum output.
- Early timely warnings of future food shortages.
- Promotes initiation of measures to prevent foreseen food shortages.
- Alleviate food shortages and related nutritional disorders.
5 Characteristics of A Nutritional Surveillance System
- Able to describe the character and magnitude of the nutritional problem.
- Have the analysis of the causes and associated factors of nutritional problems.
- Should incorporate government’s decisions and policies especially in resource allocation.
- Your system should predict possible evaluation of the nutritional problem and develop policies to counter such evolution.
- The system should have monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Indicators in Use in Nutritional Surveillance
Indicators you use for health and socioeconomic status are also relevant in Nutritional Surveillance.
However, the nutritional status of children below 5 years is the major indicator at national and global levels.
- Infant/Child Mortality/Morbidity.
- Prevalence of low birth weight.
- Nutritional status of children below 5 years.
- Prevalence of nutritional disorders.
Four broad categories: –
- Health Policy.
- Health status/Nutritional.
- Health provision.