The 4 Concepts of Waste Management
A classy waste management strategy according to what we desire/prefer (ranks from ascending to descending). Are you familiar with the 3 R concept? I hope so. The Reduce (or rather Prevent), Re-use and Recycle in actual sense, describes how we should basically handle our wastes.
In the first place, we REDUCE the amount of waste we create. We then REUSE items as often as possible to put less strain on the world’s finite resources as well as RECYCLE appropriate man-made and natural materials.
- To gain maximum practical benefit and minimize waste.
- Source reduction- minimize waste from the source.
Classification of Waste Management Strategies Relative to Their Desirability/Preference
To extract maximum practical benefit from products and minimize waste.
Since the three R’s in waste management are :-
However, there is also a 4th R!
4th R- Re-think
The reason for the 4th R actually, is the present system may have fundamental flaws. Source reduction minimizes hazardous waste materials by modifying production processes i.e. Improving the efficiency or increase incentives for recycling.
Extended Producer Responsibility
Here, the producer is held responsible of the management of waste.
It therefore integrates all the costs associated with produce’s life cycle including disposal costs.
Moreover, the producer may have responsibility to recover products containing toxic and hazardous constituents or end-of-life management products e.g. tyres, vehicles, mobile phones.
It is simply sharing the responsibility of the supplied chain. It includes government, consumers, brand owners, producers, recyclers.
This involves products that don’t present a major environmental impact e.g. beverage containers or packaging materials.
Polluter Pays Principle
The government or its agent has a responsibility to charge the license fee to producers according to the amount of waste they produce. Either, they can charge a deposit to producers which is used to clean the environment and management of waste if the producers fail to.