Quick Facts About Yeast Infection, Risk Factors…
Yeast infections are generally caused by Candida albicans. There is no direct evidence that yeast infection is passed through sexual intercourse but half of healthy sexually active people get candidiasis.
Yeast is a normal flora found in the bowels, digestive tract, mouth, skin, vagina and urogenital system in men.
The fungal growth usually develops in a moist environment e.g. between your fingers, toes, genitals, and other folds of the skin.
- Menstrual cycle
- Oral contraceptives
- Increased warmth and moisture in the vaginal area.
- Perfume sprays and soaps (strong)
- Poor diet (e.g. bread, yeast products, cakes, sugary foods, e.t.c)
- Poorly ventilated clothing and underwear.
- Poor personal hygiene.
- Pharmaceutical and herbal prescriptions.
- Wearing of tight fitting clothes i.e. stockings.
- Prolonged use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Use of steroids e.g. prednisolone.
Risk Factors in Men
a.) Unprotected sex
c.) Prolonged anti-diabetic use.
d.) Condoms lubricated with nonoxynoly.
e.) Diet e.g. bread, wheat products and sugary foods.
There are many types of yeast infections including Balanitis, Candidiasis, Moniliasis,Intertrigo, Oral thrush, Oesophageal thrush and vulva-vaginal candidiasis.
Signs and Symptoms in Women
- Burning of the vagina
- Burning when urinating
- Discomfort during or after sex
- Itching and burning of the vulva
- Redness and swelling in the vulva
- Vaginal discharge (Cotted cheese-like discharge)
Men wouldn’t experience any symptoms but if they are:-
i.) Burning sensation of the penis.
ii.) Mild rush at the tip.
iii.) Burning sensation during intercourse.
iv.) Redness of the meatus.
Occurs in men. Symptoms include:-
- Red patches around the meatus and around the foreskin.
- Blisters at the end and around the foreskin.
- Severe itching and pain.
*Peeling on the hands
*Shiny pink rush with a scaly or blistered edge in the folds of the skin.
~Excess thick white discharge
~Pain during intercourse
~Redness and swelling of the vulva
~Itching and irritation
Specifically, it affects the mouth and the throat and appear as white patches on the mouth or throat.
In addition, it affects all ages but it is more common in young children and the elderly people.
-Characterised by painful swelling.
-White patches in the mouth and in the throat.
It’s not easy to treat a candida infection and several interventions might be required.
- Avoid alcohol, animal fats, sugar, white flour, caffeine, hydrogenated oils, jam foods and flour products.
- Diets- Garlic, honey, yoghurt
- Apply G.V. (Gental violet), Potassium Sorbate, Hydrogen Peroxide, treating oil, yoghurt, baking powder.
Use of Medicinal (conventional)
Use of antifungal e.g. Candida B, Ketaconazole e.t.c
i.) Wipe from front to back after bowel movements.
ii.) Change underware regularly.
iii.) Change tampoons and sanitary pads.
iv.) Learn to rest and exercise.
v.) Wash the vulva regularly with a mild soap.
vi.) Shower after swimming in a pool to remove chlorine.
Simply, avoid sugary foods but take plenty of yoghurt. It contains Lactobacillus acidophilus.