Nutritional Surveillance System | 5 Characteristics
I believe we all need good health and in order for us to own it, our nutrition must be adequate hence nutritional surveillance is important.
Therefore, this deals with all factors which affect nutrition i.e. Food production, food distribution, food intake and health.
According to WHO
Health-promoting agencies as it helps in planning primary healthcare.
The administrators and government for planning in social and economic development process.
The government uses the nutritional surveillance data in allocation of resources to enhance optimum output.
- Early timely warnings of future food shortages.
- Promotes initiation of measures to prevent foreseen food shortages.
- Alleviate food shortages and related nutritional disorders.
Now, what are the 5 Characteristics?
- Able to describe the character and magnitude of the nutritional problem.
- Have the analysis of the causes and associated factors of nutritional problems.
- Should incorporate government’s decisions and policies especially in resource allocation.
- Your nutritional surveillance system should predict possible evaluation of the nutritional problem and develop policies to counter such evolution.
- The surveillance should have monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Indicators to Use in Nutritional Surveillance
Indicators you use for health and socioeconomic status are also relevant in your nutritional survey.
However, the nutritional status of children below 5 years is the major indicator at national and global levels.
Common indicators in nutritional surveillance
- Infant/Child Mortality/Morbidity.
- Prevalence of low birth weight.
- Nutritional status of children below 5 years.
- Prevalence of nutritional disorders.
Four broad categories: –
- Health Policy.
- Health status/Nutritional.
- Health provision.