How to Take Care of a Person Living With HIV (PLWHA).
Here, both the CHWs and family members need to learn to take deliberate steps to display a caring attitude towards the PLWHA.
Therefore, as a health care professional, you can reach the family-caring attitudes and behaviour through examples and instructions.
One can do that by displaying such behaviour at every (home) visit and in all interactions with the family and every PLWHA.
Discuss with the family caregiver on how to take deliberate steps to behave in a caring manner.
The Basic Home Nursing Skills
- Attend to the mouth in order to promote the flow of saliva.
- Keep teeth clean and maintain freshness of the mouth
Reasons? To prevent development of pressure sores around the protruding bony parts of the body in a PLWHA who’s unable to move on the bed.
In order to-
- Reduce the suffering of the patient.
- To promote healing.
- Preventing from getting worse or infected.
PLWHA, the family and the caregiver need to handle bodily fluids with care.
The caregiver may find bodily fluids on bedding, bandages or any other material.
Bodily fluids may also be on the surface.
Always remember to wear gloves or plastic bags to prevent direct contact with body fluids.
Remember to protect your feet when cleaning fluids spilled on the floor.
Any material that you want to keep or re-use should be clean and decontaminated according to the appropriate procedure i.e. Clothes, bedding, towels and some bandages.
Also, any material that you can’t or won’t use should be burnt, buried or thrown into a pit latrine.These include things like cotton wools, sanitary pads, disposable diapers.
For you to make handling them safer, you wrap in a newspaper or plastic bags.
Fresh blood or pus from wounds or blood from childbirth pose the greatest danger to the caregiver.
You need to be extra careful especially, when handling pus or blood.
Main Objective– is to prevent contamination or infection spread by body fluids.
This doesn’t mean that they don’t need to bath regularly.
However, by taking a few precautions to keep the bed and the bedding dry, the caregiver can bath them right in bed.
- Ensure personal cleanliness of the PLWHA.
- To get rid of harmful bacteria.
- Refresh and contribute to the well-being of the PLWHA.