How to Deal with Hazardous Chemicals
Chemicals and their processes generally form a major part of our lives. We actually tend to depend on a vast array of chemicals to make our lives easier, safer and more convenient!
Chances are, your work brings you in contact with chemicals and their processes. Even the simple act of putting gasoline in your vehicle means transferring a highly flammable liquid from one container to another.
While the final product provides enormous benefits, chemicals may be hazardous or even deadly!
Keep all volatile chemicals- Ether, acetone, alcohols, xylene, well stoppered in a cool place.
Open windows, include ventilation when using such chemicals or those with harmful fuels like formalin, glacial acetic acid. Organic solvent may be toxic if inhaled.
Flash volatile liquid down the sink using plenty of water.
Avoid skin contacts with poisonous substances like mercury and xylene as they are toxic and may be absorbed through the skin. It is advisable to wear gloves mostly, when handling such substances.
Moreover, keep poisonous substances locked away at all time when not in use.
Potassium cyanide is highly toxic. You must must keep it in a lockable cupboard at all time. Should a spillage occur, it must be immediately be neutralized by an equal volume of 0.5% v/v hypochlorite solution before disposal.
Keep photosensitive chemicals in dark glass bottles or in clear glass bottles wrapped completely in silver foil.
Keep hygroscopic chemicals well stoppered because they are capable of absorbing moisture from the air.
Don’t use ground glass stoppers for storing KOH or NaOH solutions. These solutions absorb CO2 from the air forming -CO3 (Carbonates) which cement the stoppers to the bottle and weakens the solution.
Don’t use rubber stoppers or plastic containers for storing xylene, ether or iodine because these chemicals attack rubber and plastics.
Store corrosive chemicals at floor level in the cupboard.