Home Based Care and Its 4 Components.
What is home care?
Basically, this is the care of a patient infected and affected of HIV/AIDS i.e. extended from the hospital or health facility to the patient’s home through family participation and community support.
The home based care components therefore, include:-
a.) Clinical care
b.) Nursing care
c.) Counseling and psycho-spiritual care
d.) Social support
1.) Clinical Management
- Early (home care) diagnosis
- Rational treatment and planning for follow up.
- Care of HIV-related illness.
2.) Nursing Care
- Reducing stress and anxiety.
- Promoting positive living and helping individual to make informed decision on HIV testing.
- Planning for the future and behaviour change and involve sexual partner or patient in such decisions.
- Information and referral and support groups.
- Welfare services and legal advice for individuals, families including surviving family members where reasonable with provision for maternal assistance.
Reasons for Home Based Care
- Prevent problems where possible.
- Take care of existing problems.
- It also enables. people to know when to get health.
Advantages of Home Based Care
- It permits them to receive care in a familiar, supportive environment.
- Helps them stay healthy longer.
- Uplifts PLWHA to proceed in home/family matters.
- Maintains sense of belonging to social groups.
- Makes it easy for them to accept their condition.
- It minimizes the emotional health.
- Home based care calls the family together.
- It helps the family accept PLWHA.
- Makes it easier to provide care and support.
- HBC can reduce medical costs.
- It makes it easier for family members who provide care to PLWHA to attend to other responsibilities.
- Promotes awareness about prevention of HIV/AIDS.
- Helps the community understand the disease and counteract myths and misconceptions.
- It can reduce costs.
- Encourages the sustainability of the care services.
- It makes it easier to provide support.
- Can help the community to maintain cohesiveness (togetherness).
- It does not require creation of extra services where resources are already inadequate.
- It eases demand on health system.
- Extends the responsibility to family and community.