Here is How to Prevent Yourself From HIV Infection
Prevention of HIV infection involves tackling the most important modes of transmission e.g. sexual transmission, mother-to-child as well as blood/blood products transmission.
Prevention and Control of Sexual Transmission
Generally, the ABCD method of prevention has been advocated as the best means of preventing/protecting and controlling HIV infection.
Basically, it means refraining from sexual intercourse to prevent transmission of HIV.
In addition, abstinence means not engaging in any sexual activity in which there is direct or indirect risk of exposure to blood, semen and vaginal fluid.
Hence, common reasons to deliberately abstain from the physical expression of sexual desire include:-
- Religious/Philosophical reasons, material reasons (to prevent from pregnancy or STD transmission). Philosophical reasons include clinical depression, social anxiety disorder, negative past experience(s) and many more.
Actually, in many religions, some groups of people have to practice celibacy. Therefore, this means you abstain from sex completely and abstain from marriage e.g. Nuns, Monks and Priests.
In Christianity, sexual intercourse has to take place within the context of marriage.
On the same hand, in Islam, it forbids intercourse outside marriage and also discourages celibacy.
Benefits of Abstinence
- Clear conciliation with God Almighty.
- Peace of mind in your life and future relationships and marriage.
- More self respect and respect for each other.
- Respect precedes love in a healthy relationship and premarital sex only throws away your respect.
- Personal freedom.
- It leads to stable marriages.
- Longer lasting relationship. Premarital sex breaks up very easily.
- No comparing.
- No worries about pregnancy and STDs.
Strategies and Guidelines on Abstinence.
- Establish your standards. Try to think of things that will happen when you date.
- Select good friends to hang out with.
- Don’t involve yourself in drugs and alcohol.
- Be careful with music, internet, T.V., movies and magazines.
- Do not go to a room of your opposite sex.
- Be an expert of saying NO when you mean it.
- Build a friendship but not a sexual partnership.
- Date people who respect.and share your views.
b.) Be faithful.
If two partners are tested negative, they should enter into strict monogamous sexual relationship. However, this strategy works best if the partners are willing to be faithful i.e. stick to your partner!
c.) Consistently and correct use of Condom.
Now, this is when there is any risk of infection. Everyone that is sexually active is at risk of HIV infection.
Therefore, you should use condom consistently and correctly if you and your partner are at risk of HIV infection.
Sincerely, this is highly effective against sexual transmitted infections including HIV. It also prevents pregnancy.
d.) Delayed sexual debut
For a moment, let us imagine you are 18 years old and you wish to use this strategy. You can thereby delay it until at least an age of 21.
Sexual debut during adolescence significantly increases risk of unintended pregnancies, contracting S.T.I’s and HIV infection.
RELATED POST: Revealed! These Are The Signs and Symptoms of Syphilis
The earlier you become sexual active, the greater your risk of infections.
Moreover, delaying your sexual debut gives your body and mind time to mature so that you are physically and intellectually better equipped to intellectually and your sexuality.
e.) Educate yourself, your friends and family.
As a result, this will prevent the spread of HIV among the community members.
However, this health education program should be accompanied by correct information about HIV.
f.) Forgo sharing of needles for drug use with anyone at anytime.
g.) Get tested.
Testing is the only way to know your HIV status. So, if you have ever been sexually active before or your partner has been the same, then you have to be tested.
To DESTIGMATISE means to remove the stigma or negative classification on the infected people such that they are neglected or seen as irresponsible.