COVID-19 | Other Killer Communicable Diseases!
How do we define communicable diseases?
Diseases caused by faecal contamination
- Salmonella (E. coli, Salmonella typhi)
- Amoebic dysentery
- Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Control and prevention of helminthic diseases
- Diseases from animals and their products
- Airborne diseases
Reference: A book of Community Health and edition Jono K. of Communicable Disease manual.
Initially, the causative organisms are excreted in the stool of infected person/ individuals (rarely animals).
The portal entry for such organism is through the mouth i.e. the faeces of an infected person to the GIT, susceptible animals.
Meanwhile, for coronavirus/COVID-19 even without the oral entry, infection may occur as a result of touching or getting in contact with or rather contaminating yourself.
Your hands for instance, may be the primary source of transmission to your body’s immune system like through your nose.
If COVID-19 virus attaches itself on any nearby cell, it replicates and you may have the disease in not less than 15 days!
Otherwise, transmission of faecal matter from hand to mouth is also known as the faecal-oral transmission route.
It occurs mainly through inapparent faecal contamination of food, water and hands.
One of the prevention measures put in place to reduce transmission of communicable diseases such as coronavirus (COVID-19) include hand washing.
However, there are more prevention ways like sanitizing, avoiding handshakes or keeping social distance and many more.
Diseases due to Air Transmission
Transmission Through Direct Contact
You might get infected with some communicable diseases through direct contact.
A good example of this is athlete’s foot which is a fungal infection whereby your foot skin flakes off.
Therefore, you can get it through walking bare foot on a contaminated surface! Imagine that…
Coronavirus or COVID-19 mode of transmission is also direct, as you can remember.
Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19
The most common symptoms according to WHO are fever, tiredness and dry cough.
You may also experience aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea.
Some of us however, may get the COVID-19 infection but do not develop any symptoms and stay healthy not unwell.
Unfortunately, to some it may be more severe.
The best way to fight a disease is PREVENTION!
Now, how do you prevent yourself?
- Observing general hygiene i.e. personal, food, environmental e.t.c
- Nutrition– “You are what you eat”.
- Killing the vectors, which are organisms that transmit the pathogens. Actually, one of these vectors include mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite (protists). For COVID-19, fumigation is one way to prevention.
As the saying goes, “If symptoms persist, seek medical advice or attention”, I hereby pass the message to you my readers.
If you or a person you know develops difficulty breathing, seek medical care immediately!
Call any facility when convenient before taking your patient there. Stay safe world…