Common STIs You Can Get Through Oral Sex.
Briefly, let us define what oral sex is. It is when you use your mouth, lips or tongue on a vulva or a penis or an anus for stimulation. Therefore, one can pass these common STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) to your mouth through the above routes.
In reality, we tend to ignore the fact that oral sex can get us STIs or STDs. Others might be unaware of STI-oral transmission. All in all, ignorance is the worst disease. Please, don’t be ignorant.
Most of us are used to the knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases being passed on without condom use (unprotected intercourse).
Yeah, it is a fact that oral sex can rarely transmit STIs or in other words, tends to have a lower risk of transmission than (penetrative) vaginal and anal sex, but there is still some risk!
Meanwhile, you can protect yourself by using a latex condom or some barrier method common, if abstinence is an issue to you.
Some of us are married therefore, if at all one of you has an STI kindly, seek treatment. Thereafter, practice being faithful and enjoy your marriage by being responsible. Go for check up once in a while.
However, there are several common STIs you can transmit or get from your infected partner orally. In essence, from your genitals to his/her mouth or from your partner’s genitals to your mouth.
For those who are not oral sex fanatics, can count themselves safe orally but not via vaginal or anal penetration. In short, they are still vulnerable to STIs.
The best way to be safe from STIs is through abstinence
Common STIs You Can Get Through Oral Sex.
This STI commonly shows no symptoms in its early stages. There are commonly two types which are herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2).
Therefore, during oral sex, herpes simplex virus (mostly HSV-1) can pass to you or your partner’s mouth when the symptoms are not present!
The moment symptoms appear, usually 10 to 14 days, they typically show up in form of skin and mucus membrane lesions.
Although it is rare to transmit or get this STI orally, it is possible to be infected. According to research, women are more likely to show symptoms than men.
As a common bacterial infection, it can thrive in a warm area like in your throat i.e. oropharyngeal. The infected secretions that you ingest from your partner’s genitals attack your mucus membranes.
1 to 3 weeks later, the signs and symptoms may appear which include sore throat accompanied by an acute fever (low grade), swollen lymph nodes in your neck. Your mouth may also show sores internally and externally.
However, as one of the common STIs, your doctor will possibly prescribe you antibiotics.
Actually, gonorrhoea can be transmitted from genitals to mouth or mouth to genitals. Definitely, this will occur when your sex partner has this STI.
It has become a common problem especially among MSMs (men having sex with men). It increases day by day!
Oropharyngeal infections as a result of gonorrhoea are cases that the WHO as well as the CDC have been addressing as becoming resistant to antibiotic drugs.
If you have a partner and you agree to have an oral sex e.g penile stimulation (fellatio) firstly, consider using a barrier method to avoid any possible transmission.
One of the most common and dangerous STIs that you may get or transmit to your sex partner. Fortunately, it is curable.
By being in contact with a syphilis sore during oral sex is a risk…in fact, a high risk! These sore can be in your partner’s mouth, on the lips, vagina, around the penis, anal area and rectum.
Oral lesions develop at any stage after infection.
5.) HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
Engaging in unprotected oral sex with a partner who has HPV will result in transmission.
Thereafter, you will develop what we call oral HPV that will have affected your lower tongue, back of your mouth and throat.
More so, the signs and symptoms of this common STI include:
- Development of a non-healing sore or an ulcer that stays for 15 to 20 days,
- Pain when chewing,
- Swollen painless tonsil,
- A sore throat that is persistent,
- A lump in your mouth,
- Painful swallowing and more.
Studies reveal that HPV rarely causes cancer but when it does to some people, it affects the head and neck. The tonsils and the base of your tongue are the vulnerable areas of the HPV cancer.
6.) Viral Hepatitis
Although, there are common ways viral hepatitis may spread like food contamination or sharing dirty hypodermic needles, sexual contact can also transmit this STI.
As a liver-destroying disease, it has mainly 3 types which include hepatitis A, B and C.
However, during oral sex or rather a direct oral-anal sex with a partner who has hepatitis A, viral hepatitis will pass on to you as a result of ingesting even a microscopic amount of faecal matter.
On the other hand, hepatitis B in an infected person to a vulnerable partner can easily pass during any genital-oral sex. The genital secretions harbour this STI.
However, saliva has not been proven to transmit viral hepatitis but for safety reasons, make sure you do not have cuts, sores or open wounds.
Studies show that, it has a much higher potential transmission than HIV!
In addition, infection with hepatitis C during oral sex may occur when you are in contact with the infected blood.
For example, you have genital sores or cuts and your partner is infected; when that hepatitis C blood gets into your bloodstream via the openings (wounds, cuts) you are possibly infecting yourself or vice versa.
Unfortunately, there are no valid symptoms that depict your partner to be having hepatitis C. Infection might be present but they seem healthy.
You may visit a nearby health facility for check up or talk it out to avoid transmission.
7.) Oral Candidiasis or Thrush
If one of you has vaginal or penile yeast infection, engaging in oral sex will result in (STI) transmission. This will definitely cause an overgrowth of candida in your mouth commonly known as thrush!
How about HIV?
Well, oral sex has extremely low risk of HIV transmission. Your partner’s saliva will not give you HIV because there are enzymes that prevent the spreading by breaking the virus down.
Therefore, we cannot directly count it as one of these common STIs.
Oral sex being of lower risk for STIs or rather STDs transmission, you can still transmit orally.
Therefore, the only preventive measure I can suggest you when you are about to have intercourse is a common barrier method.
Moreover, there are some foods like yoghurt that you can use on your partner during oral sex that can prevent you from getting some of these common STIs.
Yoghurt is partly made of live cultures called lactobacillus that counteracts/controls the fungus that may cause yeast infection. Therefore, Candida albicans tend to feed on it thus reducing or preventing you from the infection.
Other foods you can use to reduce, prevent or even treat these STIs include honey, garlic…yeah, GARLIC and many more that I will soon talk about in details. Stay updated…
Mmaka Abbas. (2020). Jamii-Health Blogger & Community Health Officer/Health Counselor. Mombasa County. Kenya. https://jamii-health.co.ke/