Brief Facts on Focused Antenatal Care (FANC).
FANC is a personalised care (for every mother) that is provided to a pregnant woman. It emphasizes on the women’s overall health.
In other words, Focused Antenatal Care is the preparation for child birth and readiness for complications i.e. emergency preparedness. It is timely, friendly, simple and safe services to a pregnant woman.
Why disease detection and not assessment?
- Risk approach is not efficient or effective strategy for maternal mortality reduction.
- Every pregnant woman is at risk. Despite that, risk factors cannot predict e.g. young age cannot prevent eclampsia.
- Research showed that majority of women who experience complications were considered to be in high risk gave birth without experiencing a complication.
- Risk factors do not predict problem occurrence. Most high risk women deliver without problems and most women who develop life threatening problems/complications belong to the low risk group.
- In every pregnancy. every woman should be prepared for the possibilities of complications.
Aims of FANC (Focused Antenatal Care)
Generally, it is to achieve a good outcome for the mother and the baby and prevent any complication that may occur in pregnancy, labour, delivery and post partum.
- Women can benefit from just a few antenatal visits as long as those visits are through.
- Ideally, women should receive at least four throughout comprehensive personalised – ante natal visit. It should be spread out throughout the entire pregnancy.
- Always view each visit as if it was the only visit the women can make.
The 4 Comprehensive Personalised Visits
i.) 1st Visit- From conception to 16 weeks
ii.) 2nd Visit- 16 weeks to 28 weeks
iii.) 3rd Visit- 28 weeks to 32 weeks
iv.) 4th visit- 32 weeks to 40 weeks
Objectives of Focused ANC
- For early detection and treatment of problems.
- Prevention of complications using safe, simple and cost-effective intervention
- Birth preparedness and complication readiness.
- Health promotion using health messages and counseling.
- Provision of care by skilled attendance.