Beware! This Will Infect You With Giardiasis!
To begin with, what is this disease known as giardiasis? How do you explain it to your peers?
Well, Giardia lamblia is the protozoal or parasitic microorganism that is responsible for causing this infection by the name giardiasis.
This results in a ranging form of asymptomatic or acute or chronic diarrhoea illness!
“Is my area safe?”
Actually, you may be safe if your surroundings have no poor levels of sanitation. Other areas include daycare centers and residential institutions for mentally handicapped/challenged.
So, those are the places where it is common.
However, waterborne infections link to ingestion of contaminated surface water, or in areas where there are inadequate water purification systems.
This parasite is a common pathogen in people facing malnutrition, immunodeficiency of cysts fibrosis.
In addition, chronic illnesses will prolong malabsorption, loss of appetite and weight loss.
How does Giardia lamblia infect us?
You can get this infection through ingestion of cysts whose viability remains strong even under normal concentration of chlorine that health professionals use in treatment of water.
Hence, cysts are (actually) activated by the gastric acid which transforms them into trophozoites. Each cyst releases 4 trophozoites attach to the mucosal lining, divide and multiply.
Finally, mature cysts are passed through stools of an infected individual and may remain viable after 2 months of their release.
- Symptoms range from mild diarrhoea to debilitating mal absorption.
- Lactose intolerance due to a reversible lactose deficiency.
- Abdominal discomfort, crumps, nausea, sensation of bloating.
- Frequent loose, bulky and urgent stools which cause malaise and weight loss.
- Stool examination for trophozoites and cysts.
How to Manage Giardiasis
Genuinely, the disease is self-limiting but you can control using metronidazole at 5mg/kg per day 8 hourly i.e. thrice daily for 7 days.
However, you can also use tinidazole, furazolidine, paromomycin.
Cysts of G. lamblia are highly susceptible to heat and therefore, when you cook your food and boil your water eventually kills the cysts.
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