Amoebiasis Disease | Causes, Symptoms & Treatment.
This is a protozoan disease with the causative agent being Entamoeba histolytica. Therefore, amoebiasis is an infection of the large intestines.
Precisely, it is a disease that you can also get through faecal contamination. Yeah, there are other ways or sources we can get this disease e.g. from drinking water.
There are a number of species for amoeba generally, but can exist as parasites inside your intestines. Although, only one is known to cause a disease.
In addition, amoebiasis is a waterborne disease. By saying so, you can contract it by consuming water or food that contains amoebic cysts.
It occurs mainly between young to middle-aged person. Amoebiasis is characterized by frequent diarrhoea like 3 to 5 times a day.
In addition, it may last for 5 days as you heal. It depends with the form of intestinal amoebiasis you have, kind of drugs or dosage prescribed by your doctor. Adherence also matters.
Therefore, if you are one of those who take drug prescriptions when you feel like…uhmn! You are not doing yourself a favour.
More so, you can transmit amoebiasis from your hand to mouth, being in contact with surfaces or objects contaminated from an infected person.
The parasites can contaminate fruits and vegetables grown in areas where we use our faeces as fertilizers.
What causes Amoebiasis?
- Trophozoite(Operative parasite)- Inactive outside the body.
- Cyst- Inactive but active or live outside the body.
Initially, the infection begins when you consume the cysts. The cyst will hatch into trophozoite then, they multiply into your intestinal lining thereby causing ulcer. The end result being diarrhoea.
However, we can transmit the cyst directly to another or indirectly through contamination of food or water.
The 4 Forms of Intestinal Amoebiasis
- Asymptomatic carrier
- Amoebic colitis
- Fulminant colitis
1. Asymptomatic Carrier
2. Amoeba colitis
Healthcare professionals actually define the ulcerations as eroded undermine edges. We clinically express it as:
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhoea with blood in the faeces
- Moderate or no fever
- When the rectum is affected, there is tenesmus (painful crumps) in the anus.
3. Fulminant colitis
Symptoms of Amoebiasis
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Enlarged liver (Hepatomegally)
Moreover, one may complain of pain of upper right option of the abdomen that start gradually with frequent lose of watery bowel movements.
Treatment & Prevention of Amoebiasis.
- Washing fruits and vegetables
- Boiling and disinfecting drinking water.
- Improving food handling techniques like washing hands, proper cooking of meat and more.
- Proper diagnosis of amoebiasis disease.
Treatment (Educational purposes only)
1.) By giving ORS solution to patients with dehydration to compensate for the loss of bodily fluids.
2.) In Amoebic dysentery however, we give metronidazole 800 gms 3 times daily for 5 days:
- Tinidazole~ 2 gms on 3 days
- Diloxanide furoate 500 mg 3 times for 10 days.
3.) In the case of liver abscess we give:
- Metronidazole 400 mg 3 times daily up to 10 days.
- Tinidazole 2 gms for 6 days.