11 Main Activities in Home Based Care Training
In addition, they also teach you as a family member on how to care for your patient when they are not around. By so doing, together we re-enforce the concept of positive living hence, we reduce stigma and discrimination in the community.
Therefore, the home based care training activities include:~
- Management of AIDS-related conditions.
- Home nursing skills including personal hygiene.
- Environmental hygiene, water supply and sanitation.
- Nutrition care and food handling.
- Physical therapy.
- Care of children with HIV/AIDS.
- Services promoting safe and positive sexual behaviour.
- Referral services for clinical support.
- Psychological and other support.
- Technical care- helps the person be at peace with themselves.
Why is Good Nutrition Important?
PLWHA (People Living With HIV/AIDS) have the problem related to nutrition.
They may not feel like eating and their bodies often don’t use the food they eat because of conditions like diarrhoea, vomiting, oral infection e.g. Candidiasis, change in metabolism.
Immune or other factors causes them to lose weight and get more sick.
Everyday people should take foods from these basics:
- Body building
- Protective foods
People need more nutritious foods to compensate for the problems caused by illnesses.
PLWHA need enough food to maintain in weight and needs to make the body strong.
Good nutrition provides the numbers required for tissue repair and growth and help the body fight opportunistic infections, malnutrition and wasting.
How we need to take care of PLWHA
In actual sense, we all need access to health services that are efficient and/or satisfying as well as effective regardless of what we are suffering from. In relation to this, we should be able to handle PLWHA with the best of care services they deserve. Here are the Do’s and Don’ts :
Care attitude– These are actions or behaviour that show:-
- Respect and gentleness.
- Appropriate smiles.
- Attention and active listening.
- Positive body language.
- Treating everybody as an individual.
- Tone of voice portrays respect concerned interest.
Uncaring Attitude include:-
- Shouting and rudeness
- Blaming language
- Ignoring/feeling different
- Negative body language
Basic Communication Skills
As a good health care professional, you should be able to do the following when attending to your patient:
- Active listening
- Using open-ended questions
- Reflecting feeling
- Empathy (Put yourself in patient’s shoes)
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